China

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People’s Republic of China

  • 中华人民共和国
  • Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
Flag of the People's Republic of China
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China
Flag National Emblem

Anthem: 

Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.

Area controlled by the People’s Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
Capital Beijing
39°55′N 116°23′E
Largest city Shanghai
Official languages Standard Chinese[2][b]
Recognised regional languages
Official written language Vernacular Chinese
Official script Simplified Chinese
Ethnic groups
Religion See Religion in China
Demonym Chinese
Government Unitary single-partysocialist state
Xi Jinping
• Premier
Li Keqiang
Zhang Dejiang
Yu Zhengsheng
• First-ranked Secretary of the Secretariat
Liu Yunshan
Wang Qishan
• First Vice Premier
Zhang Gaoli
Legislature National People’s Congress
Formation
c. 2070 bce
221 bce
1 January 1912
1 October 1949
Area
• Total
9,596,961 km2(3,705,407 sq mi)(3rd/4th)
• Water (%)
2.8%
Population
• 2015 estimate
1,376,049,000 (1st)
• 2010 census
1,339,724,852[10](1st)
• Density
145/km2(375.5/sq mi) (83rd)
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
• Total
$20.853 trillion (1st)
• Per capita
$15,095 (83rd)
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
• Total
$11.383 trillion(2nd)
• Per capita
$8,239 (72nd)
Gini (2015) 46.2
high
HDI (2014) Increase 0.727
high · 90th
Currency Renminbi (yuan; ¥)(CNY)
Time zone China Standard Time(UTC+8)

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