Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, located in the west plain in the Sichuan Basin, is a famous historical and cultural city with a history over 3,000 years. It serves as the provincial center for politics, economy, culture, and transportation. Its jurisdiction is over nine districts, four county-leveled cities and six counties. Known as the land of abundance, Chengdu boasts plentiful local products, a pleasant climate, a large number of scenic spots and historical sites, and fine traditional handicrafts well known both at home and abroad.
As an important city in southwest, Chengdu has convenient communications. More than 160 scheduled fights go to over 60 large and medium-sized cities at home and abroad. The Shuangliu International Airport is only 20 kilometers away from the city proper. In addition, Chengdu is the largest railway transportation hub in southwest China. It has two railway stations and many train tickets offices in the city proper.
Chengdu has a humid subtropical climate (Koppen Cwa) and is largely mild and humid. Chengdu is situated at the western edge of the Sichuan Basin and is therefore sheltered from northwest winds from Siberia in winter by the Qinling Mountains to the north; the short winter is milder than in the Lower Yangtze because of the sheltering effect of the Qinling.
According to the records and relics, there was human being living on this piece of land about 3,700 years ago. It is about 2,300 years ago the ninth king Kaiming of ancient Shu State moved his capital to the site and named it ‘Chengdu’. Then the name has been kept until today. Due to its economic and military importance, more than seven local regimes appeared here in the history started from the end of Western Han Dynasty (8 A.D.-25 A.D.). Among them, the most famous one is the Shu State during the Three Kingdom Period 1,700 years ago. It is a miracle for a city to remain unchanged and prosperous through thousands of years and flames of wars, however, Chengdu is a miracle of this kind. During its development, the city has gain many reputations, such as the land of abundance, the city of Hibiscus, and the city of brocades.
Chengdu is “the cultural city of China” and “China’s best tourist city”, carrying the history of several thousand years, and it was awarded the “gourmet city” by UNESCO creative cities network. Chengdu has two world heritages, two tentative world heritages, is the city with the most number of world heritage in central and western China, and is a famous historical and cultural city with three thousand years history of the founding. Chengdu has the Wuhou temple,Thatched Cottage of Dufu, Qingyang Palace, Wangjiang Pavillon, Wenshu Temple, Ming Shu King Tomb, Zhaojue Temple, and many other historical monuments and the humanities landscapes.
• Best Places to Visit
♦ Dujiangyan Irrigation System
–Dujiangyan Irrigation System is located in the Guankou town Dujiangyan city Chengdu city, Sichuan province, is large water conservancy project constructed since the ancient time and used so far, known as “the ancestor of the world water conservancy culture”, and it is the national famous tourist resort. This irrigation system was designed and implemented first in the china in the middle of 200 B.C. This is one of the oldest irrigation systems and this is still in function these days.
♦ Wuhou Temple
–Wuhou Temple museum is famous at home and abroad of The Three Kingdoms culture. The temple is built to memorize Zhuge Liang, the distinguished statesman and strategist during the Three Kingdom Period, meanwhile the symbol of wisdom in Chinese people’s mind. For his accomplishments as the minister and great personality, he was gain the name of Martial Marquis after his death. Hence, the temple got the name. Wuhou temple was built in 223, is mainly composed of Hui Tomb, Han Zhaolie Temple and Wuhou temple. The temple is magnificent and quiet, is the first batch of national key cultural relics protection unit.
♦ Thatched Cottage of Dufu
–Thatched Cottage of Dufu is the Tang dynasty poet Dufu Chengdu house site, located in downtown Chengdu, is a poetic and bamboo forest landscape garden. Poet Dufu in 759 moved to Chengdu, and for 3 years and 9 months, poetized more than 240 poems here. The main building havebig official residence, poetry history hall, wooden door, the Ministry of Works in feudal China, Shaoling thatched cottage, etc. Thatched cottage museum collected of various historical data of more than 30000 copies, 2000 pieces of cultural relics.
♦ Kuan Zhai Alley
–Kuan and Zhai alley is an ancient street left over from the scale of the Qing dynasty in Chengdu, known as the three major historical and cultural city protection blocks in Chengdu with Jamchen Lhakhang monastery and Wenshu Temple. The region on the basis of protection of old Chengdu original building forms complex cultural commercial street that is given priority to with travel, leisure, which has distinct regional characteristics and rich cultural atmosphere of Bashu.
Tour with Top China Travel, you will not miss any top attraction as well as special spot in Chengdu. Lovely pandas hometown Chengdu will lead you enter into a world of Chinese treasure. Besides panda, historic sites and natural resorts also gain the cultural connotations of this city. No matter what kinds of attractions you are interested in, you can spend a leisure time by losing yourself in this charming city. The following attractions are introduced for your reference.