China is a vast country with many mountains. Some are scenic and magnificent, while some are related to religion and culture. China Highlights has listed the following most famous mountains in China, including four Buddhist mountains.

China most famous mountains map

The Yellow Mountains Mount Tai Mount Emei Mount Putuo

1. The Yellow Mountains

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  • Location: Huangshan City, Anhui Province, East China
  • Feature: A World Heritage Site listed by UNESCO. A famous scenic mountain featuring oddly shaped pines, grotesque rocks, sea of clouds and sunrise/sunset.
  • 3-Day Yellow Mountains and Hongcun Village Tour

It is said the Yellow Mountains  is the place where the Yellow Emperor, the mythical ancestor of the Chinese, lived, refined precious medicines and became a supernatural being. Outstanding natural beauty is Huangshan’s number one feature. The glow of the sunrise and sunset draws the crowds to popular viewing spots.

2. Mount Tai

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  • Location: Tai’an City, Shandong Province, East China
  • Feature: A World Heritage Site listed by UNESCO. It is the most sacred Taoist mountain and of historical and cultural significance in China.

The word “tai” in Chinese means stability and peace and the name Tai’an is attributed to the saying: “If Mount Tai is stable, so is the entire country”. Many ancient Chinese emperors performed mountain worship ceremonies on Mount Tai. It is said to be the first and foremost thing for emperors to do when they ascend to the throne, because Mount Tai is seen as the symbol of the county’s peace and prosperity.

4. Mount Wutai

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  • Location: Taiyuan City, Shanxi Province, North China
  • Feature: A World Heritage Site listed by UNESCO. It is the oldest and the most prestigious among the four.

Mount Wutai has an abundance of smaller peaks – many odd-shaped – rock outcroppings, steep cliffs, and beautiful caves, ponds of various sizes, bubbling springs and spring-fed streams. Many temples on Mount Wutai have, as an extra feature, pagodas. These vary in material from wood to brick to iron to stone, including more exotic materials such as glazed glass and crystal glass.

5. Mount Emei

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In front of a temple in Mount Emei

The Emei mountain is characterized by lofty ancient trees, impressive waterfalls, pristine brooks and numerous Buddhist temples. The mountain enjoys great popularity among Buddhists in China. Every morning streams of Buddhism pilgrims armed with joss sticks conquer the steep stairs of the mountain and swarm into the countless temples. The numerous monkeys on the mountain are also a notable feature.

6. Mount Putuo

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  • Location: Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, East China
  • Feature: It displays the beauty between mountain and sea.

There are fantastic vistas of the surrounding seascapes from Mount Putuo. It is home to the most famous Guanyin (a Bodhisattva) temple in all over China, and a 33-meter-tall Guanyin statue. It has many beaches among which Hundred Step Beach and Thousand Step Beach are the two major ones with facilities such as deckchairs, parasols and water activities.

7. Mount Jiuhua

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  • Location: Chizhou City, Anhui Province, East China
  • Feature: It is a popular summer destination, and also a holy site where Buddhists assemble.

Literally meaning “Nine Glorious Mountains”, Mount Jiuhua is home to ancient caves, waterfalls, old pines, streams and exuberant growths of bamboo. Within the richly variegated landscape, many ancient temples and nunneries nestle on the mountain. Pious Buddhists often climb to Greater Tiantai peak, which is regarded as the most important, although it is not the tallest of Mount Jiuhua.


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